MIG Update – December 18, 2022

‘Incident’ of Viewing Video Not Use and Operation

This week, a MIG hold case where the Tribunal considered whether viewing a video of the accident scene that caused a resurfacing of psychological trauma came under the definition of accident.

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Factor: Psychological Trauma

In Buma v. TD Insurance Meloche Monnex (22-000947), Colleen Buma was involved in an automobile accident on September 11, 2021 claiming both physical and psychological injuries as a result. She sought entitlement to a psychological assessment and treatment outside of the MIG limits totalling in excess of $8,000.

Buma claimed that a video of the accident showed a house in the background where she had once lived and been abused; and that viewing the video triggered a resurfacing of psychological trauma that exacerbated existing psychological issues.

Both parties agree there was an accident as defined in the schedule and that Buma sustained physical injuries. However, TD raised a preliminary issue for a determination on whether the incident that caused Buma’s psychological injuries meet the definition of “accident” as defined in the Schedule.

The Tribunal held:

  • As per Greenhalgh v ING, the “incident” or “the viewing of the video by the applicant” is not an action or normal activity that arises out of the use or operation of an automobile. Since the viewing of the video does not meet the definition of “accident”, Buma was not entitled to accident benefits related to her psychological impairments.
  • Buma had not submitted evidence to show she has sustained physical injuries that are not predominately minor as such with the finding the psychological injuries were not caused by the accident there was no basis for removal from the MIG.

If you Have Read This Far…

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